Page 196 - Kolte Patil AR 2019-20
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Notes forming part of the Consolidated Financial Statements

              Financial liabilities and equity instruments
              Financial liabilities and equity instruments issued by the Group are classified according to the substance of the contractual arrangements
              entered into and the definitions of a financial liability and an equity instrument
              Financial liabilities are measured at amortised cost using the effective interest method
              Financial labilities at FVTPL are stated at fair value, with gains and losses arising on remeasurement recognized in profit and loss
              The preparation of the Group’s financial statements requires management to make judgements, estimates and assumptions that affect
              the reported amounts of revenues, expenses, assets and liabilities and the related disclosures.
              Significant management judgements
              The following are significant management judgements in applying the accounting policies of the Group that have the most significant
              effect on the financial statements.
              Recognition of deferred tax assets – The extent to which deferred tax assets can be recognized is based on an assessment of the
              probability of the future taxable income against which the deferred tax assets can be utilized.

              Recognition of deferred tax liability on undistributed profits – The extent to which the Holding Company can control the timing
              of reversal of deferred tax liability on undistributed profits of its subsidiaries requires judgement.
              Evaluation of indicators for impairment of assets – The evaluation of applicability of indicators of impairment of assets requires
              assessment of several external and internal factors which could result in deterioration of recoverable amount of the assets.
              Classification of leases – The Group enters into leasing arrangements for various assets. The classification of the leasing arrangement
              as a finance lease or operating lease is based on an assessment of several factors, including, but not limited to, transfer of ownership
              of leased asset at end of lease term, lessee’s option to purchase and estimated certainty of exercise of such option, proportion of lease
              term to the asset’s economic life, proportion of present value of minimum lease payments to fair value of leased asset and extent of
              specialized nature of the leased asset. The Group has also factored in overall time period of rent agreements to arrive at lease period to
              recognize rental income on straight-line basis.

              Contingent liabilities – At each balance sheet date basis the management judgment, changes in facts and legal aspects, the Group
              assesses the requirement of provisions against the outstanding warranties and guarantees. However, the actual future outcome may
              be different from this judgement.
              Significant estimates
              Information about estimates and assumptions that have the most significant effect on recognition and measurement of assets,
              liabilities, income and expenses is provided below. Actual results may be different.

              Impairment of financial assets – At each balance sheet date, based on historical default rates observed over expected life, the
              management assesses the expected credit loss on outstanding receivables and advances.
              Defined benefit obligation (DBO) – Management’s estimate of the DBO is based on a number of critical underlying assumptions
              such as standard rates of inflation, medical cost trends, mortality, discount rate and anticipation of future salary increases. Variation in
              these assumptions may significantly impact the DBO amount and the annual defined benefit expenses.
              Fair value measurements – Management applies valuation techniques to determine the fair value of financial instruments (where
              active market quotes are not available). This involves developing estimates and assumptions consistent with how market participants
              would price the instrument.

              Useful lives of depreciable/ amortisable assets – Management reviews its estimate of the useful lives of depreciable/amortisable
              assets at each reporting date, based on the expected utility of the assets. Uncertainties in these estimates relate to technical and
              economic obsolescence that may change the utility of certain software, customer relationships, IT equipment and other plant and

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